There are flight paths in and out of Essendon Airport for Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) aircraft and Visual Flight Rules (VFR) aircraft as explained below.
Because Melbourne Airport and Essendon Airport are in very close proximity, traffic at Essendon Airport sometimes needs to be managed in irregular ways to ensure that separation is maintained with Melbourne Airport traffic. Therefore at times you may observe aircraft flying in unusual ways.
Aircraft will approach Essendon Airport from all directions before they join the final approach path. Most arriving IFR aircraft will use standard arrival paths but some may be “radar vectored” by Melbourne air traffic control to intercept the final approach, that is, some aircraft may be given individual headings.
During inclement weather aircraft will usually make instrument approaches, which require the aircraft to be aligned with the runway in use 18 kilometres or more out from the airport as can be seen in the image of arrival flight paths below. Click to enlarge the image and use you “Back” button to return to this page.
There is no minimum altitude for aircraft in the process of landing. Aircraft will generally descend on a glide slope of three degrees.
Aircraft departing Essendon Airport must be kept separated from aircraft departing and arriving Melbourne Airport. In most cases Essendon departures will be turned away from Melbourne Airport after take-off. Some aircraft may be directed to turn off the runway heading sooner than others. This usually occurs for traffic management reasons to ensure that safe separation is maintained between aircraft.
The altitude of aircraft after departure will depend on factors such as the type of aircraft and its weight, how heavily laden it is with fuel and passengers, and the atmospheric conditions at the time. All these factors affect an aircraft’s climb rate. There is no regulated minimum altitude for an aircraft in the process of taking off.
These routes are mainly outside controlled airspace (“OCTA”), that is, aircraft are not being directed by air traffic control. Whenever they fly outside controlled airspace, pilots are following the rules of the air. Our booklet, Guide to our Operations, explains more about different types of airspace.
VFR routes include defined entry and exit points to and from controlled airspace. These are landmarks that are easily seen by the pilot from the air.
Aircraft inbound from the north may track via Craigieburn. Those from the north-east may track via Yan Yean Reservoir and Epping. When inbound from the east aircraft may track via Doncaster Shopping Centre and then either north or south of the airport or direct to the airport depending on which runway is in use.
Aircraft inbound from the south-east may track via major visual tracking points such as Albert Park and Station Pier or Westgate Bridge and then either via Moonee Valley Racecourse or direct to the airport.
From the south-west and west some aircraft will track coastal and via Laverton Bureau of Meteorological Tower, then get a clearance to track via Station Pier or Westgate Bridge and then via Moonee Valley Racecourse or direct to the airport.
The image below shows VFR and IFR arrival routes and the average percentage each VFR route is used.
Outbound VFR aircraft will be cleared via one of the visual tracking points towards their destination.
The image below shows VFR departure routes and the average percentage each is used.
A number of helicopter operators conduct scenic flights from Essendon Airport. The main scenic route sees the helicopter flying an orbit over the area around Docklands, Eureka Tower, Rod Laver Arena, the MCG and AAMI Stadium, Exhibition Building, and Eureka Skydeck 88.
Other scenic flights head out of Essendon over Flemington Racecourse towards Port Philip Bay. This is followed by a coastal flight and then an orbit of the Docklands / MCG area. As shown in the image, right, routes can vary. Click to enlarge this image and use the “back” button in your browser to retun to this page.
Flights are conducted at 1000 feet altitude over residential areas and 500 feet over water. Operators may choose to fly higher however in the area immediately around Essendon Airport and over the CBD passenger aircraft operate in the airspace directly above which limits the level scenic flights can ascend to.
The following graphs show the density of movements over different suburbs in the selected quarter.
The colours indicate the density of movements over the area. The hotter and deeper the colour, the more movements.
Click the image to enlarge it and return to this page by using the “Back” button in your browser.